Civil engineering as a profession is gaining ground with the present generation. This is one of the multifaceted sources of income. There are many areas and roles to play within the construction industry that is considered a part of civil engineering as would agree by Reddy Kancharla. He is a civil engineer from New York for more than 25 years and has a deep understanding of the construction of not just residential structures but also bridges and roadways.

There are mainly five categories into which civil engineering can be clearly divided, they are namely:

  1. Infrastructure engineering
  2. Structural engineering
  3. Transport engineering
  4. Environmental engineering
  5. Geotechnical engineering

The branch of civil engineering deals with the construction of roads, railways, tunnels, and the like. They cater to those structures that help the people of the society function properly in their daily lives. Civil engineers dealing in this genre of work design, plan, construct and manage the builds after conceptualizing everything. These projects of construction can be of both government and private undertaking. The primary aim is to help the masses get all the facilities of carrying out a hassle-free life.

The construction of towers, skyscrapers, and bridges fall under the category of structural engineering. The engineers of this category always work in collaboration with other related personnel such as architects and builders. They are mostly team players as Reddy Kancharla informs and perform the responsibilities of ensuring the safety, sustainability, and economical advantages of the proposed plan. They also ascertain that the design is pleasing aesthetically.

The application of technology to the entire project is the responsibility of the transport engineers. This wing of civil engineering teaches an individual how they can provide proper and easy transportation facilities to the masses at large. This facility of transportation is also made applicable for the carriage of goods. These engineers are required to ensure that all means of transportation function optimally by adhering to the safety standards of the particular place.

Environmental engineering, Reddy Kancharla shares, is a combination of chemistry, biology, soil science, and engineering principles. Engineers of this capacity analyze the environmental issues based on these principles and discern whether or not a particular thing can be added or changed within the scope of the project. They lay more emphasis on wastage control measures, recycling, control of pollution of water and air and also compliance with the health standards and legislations. These engineers are known to design environment-friendly and innovative ways of conserving energy and using the resources judiciously.

Finally, the most important branch of civil engineering is geotechnical engineering. Its importance lies in the fact it teaches one to identify the suitability of the soil on which the construction is to take place. Geotechnical engineers assess the effect of any natural calamity such as avalanches, earthquakes, or rock falls, that may occur. And how those can be dealt with by making the constructed structure sustainable. Embankments, roads, canals, and bridges are some of the things this category of civil engineer deals.

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