The feet take a lot of abuse and strain on a daily basis, from running, walking, climbing, jumping and more. So naturally, they are subject to several types of problems. Improper footwear, aging, and diabetes are also key contributors to foot problems. Any person dealing with inflammation or injuries that causes foot pain, numbness, irritation or swelling, should contact a podiatrist like Selin Sakarcan as soon as possible for the proper diagnosis and treatment of the condition. She is a podiatric physician and a foot and ankle surgeon. Selin was recently accepted to the Harvard Macy Institute for the 2020 Program for Postgraduate Trainees: Future Academic Clinician Educators.

Foot pain and irritation commonly cause improper foot function. Foot problems may affect the toes, nerves, heels, joints, ligaments and tendons of the foot. Here are a few of the most common foot-related problems that one may experience:

  • Athlete’s foot: Burning, stinging and itchy sensations on the feet and toes can be signs of athlete’s foot. It is a contagious condition that develops after a person makes contact with fungus, generally in a web environment like swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. One may even experience crumbly toenails, foot blisters, as well as cracked, dry, and raw skin on their feet due to athlete’s foot. This condition can be difficult to manage, and seeking out the assistance of a proper medical professional is prudent.
  • Blisters: Raised pockets of fluid on the feet are known as blisters. This condition is quite painful, and is usually caused by standing or walking for a long period of time, having sweaty feet or wearing ill-fitted shoes. Usually, blisters are not too severe and can be treated at home. People should ideally try to let the blister naturally heal, and give themselves relief by applying a bandage over it for comfort.
  • Bunions: Bump on the side of the big toe can be a bunion.  Under this condition, the big toe bends toward the other toes, making it painful to walk. Bunions may cause inflammation and irritation on the big toe and second toe, and hence a podiatrist like Selin Sakarcan should be consulted for proper treatment.
  • Corns: Round circles of thickened skin on the sole of the foot or the toes can be corns. The body forms corns to prevent blistering on the feet, and they generally are not painful right away. Over time, corns can become irritated and should be treated. Corn plasters are available today that can be used to relieve pressure on a corn and allow it to heal.

Problems related to the feet are too many, and they develop due to a myriad of reasons. Plantar fasciitis, for instance, can cause pain in the bottom of the heel or in the lower part of the middle foot. On the other hand. A heel spur may result in inflammation, pain or a bony protrusion at the front of the heel.

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