What are amino acids?
Amino acids are molecules whose composition forms proteins. Upon proteins being digested, the product broken into is amino acids.
They are classified into 3
- Essential amino acids
- Non-essential amino acids
- Conditional amino acids
There are nine essential amino acids, and this the body cannot produce hence required from food sources. This are namely; valine, tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, histidine.
On the other hand, non-essential amino acids can be produce by our bodies. This are; tyrosine, serine, praline, glycine, glutamine, cysteine, and arginine.
Conditional amino acids are not so much required except when you are sick.
The body of a human uses amino acids to recompose proteins, which help the body to;
- Repair body tissue
- Break down food
Amino acids are also in capability of alternative source of energy.
From which foods do we acquire these amino acids?
As you may have noticed, amino acids are important to your body. Hence, it means you have to know which food sources supply amino acids to our body.
Many foods have amino acids and is hard to miss it, but then these amino acids have different demand levels in our bodies.
Essential amino acids are sourced magnificently from animal protein and plant based proteins. This is the foods that are best sources of dietary amino acids; Mushrooms, cottage cheese, eggs, fish, legumes turkey and beans. Quinoa being the most nutritious grain and eggs a very good source protein with very amino acids.
What are the functions of amino acids in our bodies?
- They build muscles
- Causes chemical reaction in the body needed for various functions.
- Transportation of nutrients
- Preventing illnesses by boosting the immune system strength
Among other functions, amino acids are very crucial in our bodies.
- They may also help with your mood; Tryptophan is key in production of serotonin, which acts as neurotransmitter in our bodies. Serotonin is also an important regulator of sleep, mood and behavior.
- It boosts exercise performance and recovery especially for muscle builders.
What happens when you do not have enough amino acids?
- First, your immunity will decrease. As you know this is an alarming issue since this means the fight of diseases is now impaired. In addition, it will be so hard to overcome.
- It will lead to fertility issues.
- Low mental alertness
- Impaired growth process in children
Inadequate supply of amino acids affects also the nervous system, reproductive system, immune system and digestive system. Hats how important t the amino acids are, not just build of muscles as mostly know.
All of the amino acids are very essential for our body as they play different roles. There are also other circumstances when amino acids are very essential, like during pregnancy, illness, Infancy and trauma.
During pregnancy glycine and arginine are significantly important because pregnant women need them to support their health and that of the fetus altogether.
Apart from just our healthy diet, which most people get enough of amino acids, there are also alternative supplements if you cannot get enough from your diet. Only you will have to involve a professional nutrition specialist to guide and regulate your usage to prevent misuse.
Most athletes take these supplements to further enhance their exercise performance and recovery.